Before the United States Congress imposed its ban in 1979, Monsanto PCBs were used in a wide variety of industrial applications and commercial products. The chemical industry giant Monsanto produced up to 1.5 billion tons of polychlorinated biphenyls to help manufacturers create anything from flameproof Christmas trees to paint and other building materials. However, as incidents of toxic exposure and pollution were slowly exposed to the public, government agencies worked to crack down against the continued use of chemical substances found to have severe and dangerous effects on human health and the environment.
While the ban has been able to stop the spread of dangers associated with PCBs, the risk of exposure has yet to be fully mitigated. Even after more than 30 years has passed since PCBs were banned under the Toxic Substances Control Act, plenty of areas that became Monsanto toxic waste dumping grounds are still contaminated by the chemicals and pose health hazards to the public. Among such areas is the San Diego Bay in California. The City of San Diego even filed a lawsuit against Monsanto claiming that PCB pollution has detrimental effects on the wildlife in the area. People in San Diego Bay and other contaminated areas continue to face the risk of PCB exposure, considering that the substance can easily enter the body through inhalation and skin contact. Individuals can also be exposed to PCBs and its dangerous effects through ingesting fish, meat, or poultry contaminated with the toxic substance.
The Environmental Protection Agency classifies PCBs as a probable human carcinogen. They also point out that PCB exposure can lead to issues with the reproductive, nervous, immune, and endocrine systems. PCBs can also cause other medical conditions such as liver damage, high blood pressure, and increased serum serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels. However, these effects are known to develop over a long period of continued exposure.
According to the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, immediate symptoms only arise when the exposure to PCBs is of significant amount. This usually happens when a person ingests something contaminated with the substance. In these cases, the exposed individual will experience vomiting, nausea, respiratory issues, and skin irritation, and require urgent medical attention.
On the other hand, low-level, long-term PCB exposure becomes evident through the development of acne-like skin irritation called chloracne. An individual exposed to PCB might also observe their skin and nails darkening over time. Prolonged PCB exposure can also cause an individual’s liver to enlarge, pointing to signs of a more serious medical condition.
Though a highly popular contraceptive device for millions of women across the US, NuvaRing is not without serious side effects, which have already caused thousands of women considerable pain and suffering and which may be irreversible. Some of the mild to serious complications this product has are:
- weight gain
- vaginal infection
- clotting in the eye’s blood vessels (which can result in vision problems)
- blood clots in the legs (which, if it goes to the lungs, will result to severe risk)
- high blood pressure
- stroke / heart attack
- breast cancer
- gallbladder disease
About a thousand lawsuits have already been filed by women who have been affected by the side effects NuvaRing has. Though the sad reality is that there may be no solution that can restore these women’s good health, the amount of financial compensation they may be able to receive can at least be of help to see to their continuous medication and to cover for whatever financial losses they may have been, and will still be, faced with.
The effects of NuvaRing are serious. Despite this, its manufacturer continues to endorse and sell it as a safe birth control product. You can help stop other women from being harmed by this supposedly safe birth control device by filing a NuvaRing lawsuit. Lawyers tasked to handle this particular lawsuit know and understand the sensitivity of the matter behind this case. You can be assured of their professionalism and dedication in representing you and in fighting for your best interests and rights.
NuvaRing: Its Design and Use
After it was made available in the US market in 2001, NuvaRing quickly gained popularity among millions of women. This small flexible ring was originally manufactured by the Netherlands company Organon Pharmaceuticals. Organon was absorbed by Schering Plough in 2007. Tthen, in 2009, a merger between Merck and Schering took place, putting NuvaRing under Merck’s products list.
NuvaRing is designed to release into the user’s bloodstream controlled quantities of the estrogen Ethinyl Estradiol and the progestin Etonogestrel. Ethinyl Estradiol, or simply EE, is an artificial form of estrogen (the female’s main sex hormone) that is typically combined with a progestin; it is used mainly in different hormonal birth control products. Etonogestrel, on the other hand, is one type of a third-generation progestin, called Desogestrel. Higher chances of strokes, heart attacks, blood clots and other complications have actually been seen in contraceptives containing Desogestrel. In 2007 a move was made by Public Citizen, a consumer advocacy group, requesting the US FDA to forbid the sale and use of Desogestrel-enhanced oral birth control pills.
The abuse of elderly individuals while they are under the care of nursing homes or other caregivers is an astonishingly common occurrence. Simply assuming that because someone is being paid to care for your loved one, they will do a good job of it, is unfortunately a mistake made by thousands of people every year.
A congressional report released in 2001 showed that as many as one in every three nursing homes were cited for abuse violations within a two year span. Abuse of individuals in nursing homes often goes unreported. Oftentimes, the victims are afraid to speak up against inappropriate actions for fear of further abuse.
However, an increasingly common reason for the lack of reported instances of nursing home abuse is the victim’s mental state. Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, affects as many as 5.2 million Americans and causes forgetfulness and confusion. As a result, abuse victims may not understand what is going on around them.
It’s important to stay close to your aging loved ones when the decision to put them in an elder care facility has been made. This can help you ensure that they are being treated with the dignity and respect they deserve in their twilight years.
With all the chaos and rush going on in the emergency room, there will always be a huge chance of errors being committed on the patients. Although there are margins given to medical professionals assigned to emergency rooms, such leeway is still restricted and should never be used as an excuse for errors made. Any harm that a patient suffers from a sub-par care from emergency room treatments is still accountable to medical malpractice claims.
In cases of medical malpractice claims against emergency room care, there are certain basics that should be taken into account in order for your personal injury attorneys to smoothly win a compensation claim for you.
- The existence of the “doctor-patient” relationship – in the emergency room situation, once the doctor is treating the patient (of just examines the patient), the relationship is established. Long-term relationship is not needed in these cases.
- The treatment given in the emergency room was negligent – the physician has not kept the “standard of care” expected of them, and it is the patients’ responsibility to demonstrate how this careless act has occurred in the emergency room.
- The physician’s carelessness has lead to injury – the most important element in a personal injury claim; it must be proven that the negligent physician’s actions have caused harm to the patient. This can be established through:
- Additional treatments that has cast financial burden to the patient
- Pain and suffering
- Loss of enjoyment of life
- Loss of capacity to earn for a living
Personal injury claims involving emergency room errors can require more details and could be painstakingly long, it would greatly benefit the patient to get help from experienced personal injury attorneys advice on handling the case. Medical malpractice claims are not only important for the patient, but also for everyone who, in the future, can be exposed to the same dangers and errors as medical malpractice errors can be dangerous and life-damaging.
More than 800,000 people in the U.S. are hospitalized each year because of dog bites, and these are just the more severe cases. It is estimated that more than 4 million people are actually bitten annually, and an average of 20 fatalities occur each year. With 75 million dogs in the U.S., it would be wise to know what to do when you or someone you know gets bitten by a dog.
Injuries From Dog Bites
The worst case scenarios for dog bites often involve children, because they are smaller, frailer, and more likely to be bitten near the head, where the risk of infection is the most serious. But even adults can suffer severe injuries from a dog bite. The most common injuries you can sustain from a dog bite include:
- Slight to deep lacerations, punctures, abrasions
- Broken bones
- Tissue loss
Even if the bite is not serious or did not break the skin, it is important to thoroughly clean the site of the bite and to find out the immunization status of the dog. Even a small nick in the skin can provide a point of entry for bacteria in a dog’s saliva.
When to Seek Medical Treatment
Getting medical treatment for “just a dog bite” may seem over-cautious when there seems to be minimal damage done, but there are instances when it may become necessary, such as:
- If the dog owner is unsure of the immunization status of the dog, it may be necessary to get tetanus shots and to go through rabies therapy just to be on the safe side, even if the wound or puncture is slight.
- If a dog bite wound appears to be red, starts to swell, and/or there is a throbbing pain in or around the bite site, an infection may be developing.
- If there is damage to the muscle, tendons, nerves or bones. This can be determined by checking if gentle movements or palpation produces pain. A damaged tendon in the hand, for example, will prevent you from moving a finger
- If the victim is a child
Dog bite attorneys may not always be needed in each instance. After all, 77% of dog bite cases involve a dog and its owner. But the dangers of dog bites are very real, so do not hesitate to seek the assistance of a personal injury attorney at the slightest hint of trouble.
Physical injuries brought about by toxic substances can be life-threatening and could lead to devastating effects. While some toxic substances can have immediate visible effects to the health, others may take a longer time to see evident symptoms, making it more difficult to really pin-point the culprit of the disease that has affected the body long after the exposure.
Suffering from an injury or harm due to exposure to a toxic substance, whether deliberate or accidental, can be a reason for filing a lawsuit. When you or anyone in your family has been a victim of exposure to a toxic substance, you can get assistance from experienced personal injury attorneys who can help you pursue the compensation you need to cover the costs of any losses you experienced because of exposure to a dangerous product.
When people hear “toxic substance” they easily think about toxic chemicals which only certain people have access to. However, anyone is at risk of being exposed to a toxic substance, and these different types of toxic substance cases can help you understand how:
- Consumer products – certain chemicals can be mixed in products such as dog food, containers, toys and even cigarettes.
- Chemicals and pesticides – the food we eat can be full of pesticides which can cause health complications when taken in large doses.
- Prescription medications – there are certain medications which can complicate a patients disease or ailment, or where the manufacturer has not warned the patient of the side effects, causing further health injuries or harm.
- Industrial materials– certain chemicals are necessary in certain workplaces, therefore putting workers in direct harm of toxic exposure.
- Hazardous wastes – toxic substances which are improperly disposed or stored, therefore are causing toxic harm to the environment and the people around the area.
Toxic exposure can occur anywhere; at your home, school, workplace, hospitals, and even parks. It can have overwhelming effects, not only on your health, but also to everyone and everything around it. Because of the complication and intricacy surrounding personal injury law, talking with knowledgeable personal injury attorneys could greatly enhance your chances of successful compensation as well as getting the responsible people pay for their wrong-doing.
A recent study by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health has found that women who were abused during their childhood are more likely to have children with autism spectrum disorders.
The study surveyed more than 50,000 women on whether or not they suffered any physical or mental abuse during their childhood. An indication of severe physical abuse, for example, would be being hit hard enough to leave a bruise. These women were also asked if their children have ever been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder.
The study found that women who were severely abused as children were up to 60% more likely than women who were not abused to have autistic children.
The study accounted for the normal risk of autism as well as the fact that women who were abused are more likely to exhibit the behaviors that are suspected to contribute to the development of autism. These findings are important because they indicate that child abuse can affect the next generation in addition to the children who are abused.