PCB Exposure: Signs and Symptoms to Watch Out For

Before the United States Congress imposed its ban in 1979, Monsanto PCBs were used in a wide variety of industrial applications and commercial products. The chemical industry giant Monsanto produced up to 1.5 billion tons of polychlorinated biphenyls to help manufacturers create anything from flameproof Christmas trees to paint and other building materials. However, as incidents of toxic exposure and pollution were slowly exposed to the public, government agencies worked to crack down against the continued use of chemical substances found to have severe and dangerous effects on human health and the environment.

While the ban has been able to stop the spread of dangers associated with PCBs, the risk of exposure has yet to be fully mitigated. Even after more than 30 years has passed since PCBs were banned under the Toxic Substances Control Act, plenty of areas that became Monsanto toxic waste dumping grounds are still contaminated by the chemicals and pose health hazards to the public. Among such areas is the San Diego Bay in California. The City of San Diego even filed a lawsuit against Monsanto claiming that PCB pollution has detrimental effects on the wildlife in the area. People in San Diego Bay and other contaminated areas continue to face the risk of PCB exposure, considering that the substance can easily enter the body through inhalation and skin contact. Individuals can also be exposed to PCBs and its dangerous effects through ingesting fish, meat, or poultry contaminated with the toxic substance.

The Environmental Protection Agency classifies PCBs as a probable human carcinogen. They also point out that PCB exposure can lead to issues with the reproductive, nervous, immune, and endocrine systems. PCBs can also cause other medical conditions such as liver damage, high blood pressure, and increased serum serum triglyceride and cholesterol levels. However, these effects are known to develop over a long period of continued exposure.

According to the Mount Sinai School of Medicine, immediate symptoms only arise when the exposure to PCBs is of significant amount. This usually happens when a person ingests something contaminated with the substance. In these cases, the exposed individual will experience vomiting, nausea, respiratory issues, and skin irritation, and require urgent medical attention.

On the other hand, low-level, long-term PCB exposure becomes evident through the development of acne-like skin irritation called chloracne. An individual exposed to PCB might also observe their skin and nails darkening over time. Prolonged PCB exposure can also cause an individual’s liver to enlarge, pointing to signs of a more serious medical condition.

Fight the Habit, or Fight the Charges of Cocaine Possession

Cocaine possession is illegal anywhere in the US. In Texas, it is at least a state felony and jail time is a given for even having a small amount of the drug in your possession. As discussed on the website of Mark Lassiter, this ranges from a minimum of 3 months all the way up to 99 years imprisonment plus fines, depending on the amount of cocaine.

These severe penalties do not faze people who are already addicted to the drug. They are willing to do anything, risk any consequence to feed their habit. For them, the important question in not how it will affect their future but when they can get their next hit. However, there may be hope in the horizon for the millions of people who have gotten hooked on cocaine.

The biggest hurdle in treating drug addiction is the body’s often violent reaction to its withdrawal. Cocaine users experience some of the longest and strongest physical craving for the drug, which often leads to recidivism.

Scientists believe they have hit on a method to help cocaine addicts kick the habit. In a report submitted to the American Chemical Society journal Molecular Pharmaceutics, the authors described a novel approach to modifying a bacterial protein called flagellin that has been incorporated in vaccines that when tested on mice and showed much better success in dulling the psychotrophic effects of cocaine than previous versions.

Vaccines are typically used to combat infections but can also be modified to activate an immune response to specific substances such as cocaine. This means that if human trials are successful, addicts will no longer experience the same high when taking the drug, which can help their body adjust to its absence much easier and quicker. The implications for application other types of addictions are promising.

However, if you are already facing charges for cocaine possession, it is important that you get competent legal representation to have a chance at trying an effective cure. Retain the services of a competent criminal defense lawyer in your state to get the best possible result in your case.

How To Protect Yourself During A Personal Injury Lawsuit

Most attorneys are aware that it is daunting to  face filing a personal injury lawsuit. You need the right knowledge to help you win your personal injury case, so keep reading. The following article will give you the right tools to get you through the experience with the best possible outcome.

Call the police as soon as there has been an accident. This should be done even if the other party tries to convince you that it is not necessary. According to Pohl & Berk LLP, injury lawyers in Tennessee, getting law enforcement involved will help you a lot when it is time to prove that an accident has actually occurred. The police will make a record of your call, which you could later present as evidence.

Get a lawyer who specializes in personal injury cases. The law covers a vast area, so most lawyers choose to focus on a specific legal area. A real estate or divorce lawyer will be ill-equipped to handle a personal injury case effectively. If you already have a reliable lawyer who specializes in a different field, ask them for a referral to a trusted colleague who does work in personal injury.

Remember that when you’re choosing a personal injury lawyer, you’re entering into a relationship. The lawyer you choose should be someone that you can easily get along with. Likeability should not be the only factor in your decision, but it is a very important factor to consider. Not liking your lawyer and their staff can hamper your case by putting a strain on vital communication.

Brash, arrogant advertising is a poor determinant of a lawyer’s experience and expertise. You should never rely on advertisements when finding a lawyer. A much more reliable avenue when looking for a lawyer is to ask your friends and family. Make sure that they recommend a lawyer that specializes in personal injury and has a winning track record for the person recommending them. Don’t rely on their recommendation alone. Always arrange a face-to-face meeting before making a concrete choice.

You should now have an idea of how to create a case for your personal injury. Find a lawyer as soon as possible. Start now with the steps presented here and get to where you need to be later.

BUI – Illegal under State and Federal Laws

Boating is surely so much more fun compared to driving any type of vehicle. It can also offer a type and level of relaxation that no car can provide. There is one area wherein both car and boat are equal, though, an area where a driver and a boat operator can be on the same level and be subjected to the same consequences – driving/operating their respective motor vehicle with more than 0.08% BAC level.

Boating under the influence is equally dangerous as drunk-driving, thus all states impose the 0.08% limit on boat operators. In fact, studies even show that operators and passengers of vessels who consume alcohol while on sea can be impaired much faster than a car driver. This is due to the type of environment vessel passengers are exposed to, like the boat’s motion and vibration, sea water spray or mist on their face and body, the wind, sun and engine noise. All these and alcohol (as well as drugs) can negatively affect a boater’s vision, judgment, coordination and balance.

Due to the dangers that may result from boating under the influence or BUI, states and the US Coast Guard strictly implement the BUI law, warning potential violators of the harsh penalties they will face in the event that they infringe the mandate. States render it illegal to operate any type of boat when under the influence of alcohol or drugs; in addition, the BUI law enforced by the United States Coast Guard is a federal law, so that it applies to all US ships and other types of boats (including canoes and rowboats), as well as to all foreign vessels sailing on U.S. territorial waters.

Operating a boat, which even a boat owner does not do often, requires many skills which can easily be impaired when alcohol and/or drug is consumed. These skills include: peripheral or night vision, focus, reaction time, especially in dangerous situations, cognitive abilities and the ability to correctly identify colors. Violators of the BUI law can suffer suspension or revocation of operator privileges, large fines and time in jail.

Forming a General Partnership

business people doing businessStarting your own business is a new and exciting opportunity to chase your dreams. But going into business is rife with legal risks, which is why business formation attorneys are so invaluable. When considering forming a general partnership, you should know what you’re getting into, and what the possible pitfalls may be.

What is a General Partnership?

A general partnership consists of two or more people who go into business together for profit. It is a step up from a sole proprietorship in that all the members of the partnership divide the liabilities of the business amongst themselves instead of just one person. You don’t actually have to go through any formal process to establish a partnership; the entity is created by the act of engaging with one or more other persons in a business enterprise.

Rules of a General Partnership

Under the Uniform Partnership Act, the rules of partnership include but not limited to the following:

  1. Joint property ownership or tenancy does not establish a partnership.
  2. Income or profit from property held jointly does not constitute a partnership.
  3. Profit sharing from a business constitutes a partnership except when the share was received as payment for rent, debt or wages.
  4. If a person allows the use of his or her name to benefit the business in any way, that person is considered a partner, and may be held equally liable as the formal members of a partnership.
  5. Profits are reported as personal income and taxed accordingly.  This is called a pass-through. The portion of the income that are reported under each partner is based on the profit-sharing terms of the partnership agreement.
  6. Each partner is personally liable for the partnership’s obligations. This may take the form or joint or several liability. Even if only one partner is found guilty of any wrongdoing concerning the business, all partners are jointly and/or severally liable. In some instances, the same would apply for liabilities of the partnership’s employees.
  7. Each partner has equal voting rights unless otherwise stipulated.

Because a partnership is subject to a lot of issues and disputes, including complicated taxation laws, it is advisable to have a written agreement drawn up prior to the commencement of any business endeavor. Contacting business formation attorneys to draw up a partnership agreement ensures that each partner’s rights and concerns are addressed legally and fairly.

NASA Technology to Aid in Disaster Relief

NASA has developed radar technology that helps first-responders find victims in disaster situations. The new technology is called Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER). It’s capable of detecting individuals buried under or trapped behind varying meters and densities of debris. In open space it can locate people as far as 30 meters away. FINDER would give responders a greater margin of time for finding injured or trapped people and effectively treating them.

FINDER works by reading the patterns that bounce back from debris using radar microwave signals. There are some complications when it comes to analyzing wreckage. In situations where storms have produced shattered wreckage, signals can get crossed by the overstimulation of surfaces. However, algorithms help to weed out the oversaturation of signals and isolate human movement like the rise and fall of a victim’s chest.

The FINDER detection is tailored specifically to human signals so that it doesn’t inadvertently pick up signals coming from animals or other moving factors, like trees or debris. There have been many instruments developed to help disaster relief, from clean-up resources to transportation vehicles, but FINDER is the most precise prototype built to target and locate trapped disaster victims.

What Women Should Know About NuvaRing

Though a highly popular contraceptive device for millions of women across the US, NuvaRing is not without serious side effects, which have already caused thousands of women considerable pain and suffering and which may be irreversible. Some of the mild to serious complications this product has are:

  • headaches
  • weight gain
  • nausea
  • vaginal infection
  • clotting in the eye’s blood vessels (which can result in vision problems)
  • blood clots in the legs (which, if it goes to the lungs, will result to severe risk)
  • high blood pressure
  • stroke / heart attack
  • breast cancer
  • gallbladder disease

About a thousand lawsuits have already been filed by women who have been affected by the side effects NuvaRing has. Though the sad reality is that there may be no solution that can restore these women’s good health, the amount of financial compensation they may be able to receive can at least be of help to see to their continuous medication and to cover for whatever financial losses they may have been, and will still be, faced with.

The effects of NuvaRing are serious. Despite this, its manufacturer continues to endorse and sell it as a safe birth control product. You can help stop other women from being harmed by this supposedly safe birth control device by filing a NuvaRing lawsuit. Lawyers tasked to handle this particular lawsuit know and understand the sensitivity of the matter behind this case. You can be assured of their professionalism and dedication in representing you and in fighting for your best interests and rights.  

NuvaRing: Its Design and Use  

After it was made available in the US market in 2001, NuvaRing quickly gained popularity among millions of women. This small flexible ring was originally manufactured by the Netherlands company Organon Pharmaceuticals. Organon was absorbed by Schering Plough in 2007. Tthen, in 2009, a merger between Merck and Schering took place, putting NuvaRing under Merck’s products list.

NuvaRing is designed to release into the user’s bloodstream controlled quantities of the estrogen Ethinyl Estradiol and the progestin Etonogestrel. Ethinyl Estradiol, or simply EE, is an artificial form of estrogen (the female’s main sex hormone) that is typically combined with a progestin; it is used mainly in different hormonal birth control products. Etonogestrel, on the other hand, is one type of a third-generation progestin, called Desogestrel. Higher chances of strokes, heart attacks, blood clots and other complications have actually been seen in contraceptives containing Desogestrel. In 2007 a move was made by Public Citizen, a consumer advocacy group, requesting the US FDA to forbid the sale and use of Desogestrel-enhanced oral birth control pills.


Why Nursing Home Abuse is Under-Reported

nursing home abuseThe abuse of elderly individuals while they are under the care of nursing homes or other caregivers is an astonishingly common occurrence. Simply assuming that because someone is being paid to care for your loved one, they will do a good job of it, is unfortunately a mistake made by thousands of people every year.

A congressional report released in 2001 showed that as many as one in every three nursing homes were cited for abuse violations within a two year span. Abuse of individuals in nursing homes often goes unreported. Oftentimes, the victims are afraid to speak up against inappropriate actions for fear of further abuse.

However, an increasingly common reason for the lack of reported instances of nursing home abuse is the victim’s mental state. Alzheimer’s disease, the most common form of dementia, affects as many as 5.2 million Americans and causes forgetfulness and confusion. As a result, abuse victims may not understand what is going on around them.

It’s important to stay close to your aging loved ones when the decision to put them in an elder care facility has been made. This can help you ensure that they are being treated with the dignity and respect they deserve in their twilight years.


Protecting Your Family Against Medical Malpractice

crowe and mulvey

With all the chaos and rush going on in the emergency room, there will always be a huge chance of errors being committed on the patients. Although there are margins given to medical professionals assigned to emergency rooms, such leeway is still restricted and should never be used as an excuse for errors made. Any harm that a patient suffers from a sub-par care from emergency room treatments is still accountable to medical malpractice claims.

In cases of medical malpractice claims against emergency room care, there are certain basics that should be taken into account in order for your personal injury attorneys to smoothly win a compensation claim for you.

  1. The existence of the “doctor-patient” relationship – in the emergency room situation, once the doctor is treating the patient (of just examines the patient), the relationship is established. Long-term relationship is not needed in these cases.
  2. The treatment given in the emergency room was negligent – the physician has not kept the “standard of care” expected of them, and it is the patients’ responsibility to demonstrate how this careless act has occurred in the emergency room.
  3. The physician’s carelessness has lead to injury – the most important element in a personal injury claim; it must be proven that the negligent physician’s actions have caused harm to the patient. This can be established through:
    • Additional treatments that has cast financial burden to the patient
    • Pain and suffering
    • Loss of enjoyment of life
    • Loss of capacity to earn for a living

Personal injury claims involving emergency room errors can require more details and could be painstakingly long, it would greatly benefit the patient to get help from experienced personal injury attorneys advice on handling the case. Medical malpractice claims are not only important for the patient, but also for everyone who, in the future, can be exposed to the same dangers and errors as medical malpractice errors can be dangerous and life-damaging.

Beating the System: Claiming Against Your Insurance Company

Smith Kendall LawInsurance is your shield against the unexpected: accidents, natural disasters, fire, and so on. Insurance companies are not in the business of protecting their insured however, they are in the business of making money.

If you have ever heard of actuarial tables, then you’ll know that the premiums you pay are based on the the fact that that there is only a small possibility that you will ever make a claim. When an insured party makes a claim, that person is disrupting the business model of the provider and insurers will do everything they can to keep your money in their coffers.

How do they do this? They make it hard for you to make a claim by enacting the 3-D strategy: deny, delay and defend. First they deny your claim, and then they delay any progress by giving you the run-around hoping you’ll just give up, and then when an action is brought against them, they stick to their guns and defend their position.

Beat them at their own game

If this situation sounds familiar, then you have to do some strategizing of your own. There are some things you can do right away to streamline the claim process and increase your chances of recovering an award.

First, take notes. Document every conversation, email, letter, and form that crosses your table complete with details such as the contact person, dates and circumstances. If you are already lost in the middle of the process, try to recall everything you can from the start of the process to the point you are now in and write it down.

Next, get together all previous records you have regarding your insurance, including a copy of your policy, your receipts, communications, statements of accounts, and whatever else you have. In the meantime, if you can afford it, continue to undertake repairing the damage that has been done, whether to your property or person.

Finally, get in touch with insurance claims attorneys. Speaking to an individual who is well experienced with this subject may be of benefit for your situation. The time and money you will save from trying to get your insurer to pay up is better spent in engaging a qualified lawyer who is experienced in insurance claim cases and who has experience taking action against insurance companies engaging in bad faith practices.